Thursday, April 17, 2014
Friday, April 11, 2014
Wednesday, April 9, 2014
Norway, ostensibly as a preventive maneuver against a planned, and openly discussed, Franco-British occupation of Norway. After the invasions, envoys of the Germans informed the governments of Denmark and Norway that the Wehrmacht had come to protect the countries' neutrality against Franco-British aggression. Significant differences in geography, location and climate between the two countries made the actual military operations very dissimilar.
Operation Weserübung was the code name for Germany's assault on Denmark and Norway during the Second World War and the opening operation of the Norwegian Campaign. The name comes from the German for Operation Weser-Exercise (Unternehmen Weserübung), the Weser being a German river.
|German invasion of Denmark. April 9, 1940|
|German invasion of Norway. April 9, 1940.|
Wednesday, March 19, 2014
Tuesday, March 18, 2014
Monday, March 17, 2014
Wednesday, March 12, 2014
Until 1936, it was Italy, which counterbalanced German expansionist aspirations with regard to Austria. However, in 1935, Mussolini started invasion of Abyssinia and this significantly diverted his attention from Austria. On the other hand, rapport between the two fascist states, Germany and Austria, began gaining an espousing character. Under these circumstances Austrian Chancellor Schuschnigg signed a treaty of normalization with Nazi Germany on February 11, 1936. Schuschnigg conceded to the appointment of Gleise-Horstenau, Austrian nationalist politician, on the position of the Minister of Interior. Since then two relatively peaceful years passed under the leadership of Chancellor Schuschnigg.
In the beginning of 1938, the tensions between the Nazi party and the German Military Command intensified. Although the coup of the generals was thwarted, Hitler began seeking re-vindication in foreign policies. On February 12, 1938, he summoned Schuschnigg to his residence at Berchtesgaden. Polish Nowy Dziennik describes the pressing sustained by Schuschnigg during this meeting. Hitler dismissed formalities of a diplomatic protocol and simply handed over to Schuschnigg the ultimatum: